grew up in the Blue Mountains and studied visual arts at Western Sydney University. He works with performance video and makes machines that engage different parts of the body in the process drawing and writing. In 2002–03 he spent a year and a half in Mexico with the assistance of the Helen Lempriere Travelling Art Scholarship. He maintains strong connections to Mexican art and activist culture. His doctoral thesis considered the relationship between art and neuroscience, with a particular focus on gesture and linguistic embodiment.